Frost & Sullivan Research Service   Published: 22 Mar 2012
2011 Original Equipment Manufacturers Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing in Western Europe
  SERVICE HOMEPAGE
RESEARCH OVERVIEW LIST OF FIGURES TABLE OF CONTENTS
ORDERING INFORMATION FURTHER INFORMATION
   Research Overview
 

This Frost & Sullivan research service titled 2011 Original Equipment Manufacturers Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing in Western Europe provides market trends, supplier orientation and OEM preference. In this research, Frost & Sullivan's expert analysts thoroughly examine the following: engine downsizing, average engine displacement, turbocharging and gasoline direct injection.

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Market Overview

Engine Downsizing Set for Increased Penetration across Gasoline Engines

Engine downsizing, which has been a major trend in European diesel engines over the past decade, is poised to have a major impact on gasoline engines, which will witness the trend that diesel engines did in terms of engine downsizing and turbocharging 10 years ago. This trend will also have a positive impact on the demand for technologies supporting downsizing such as turbochargers and variable valvetrain. 

“Due to comparatively lower CO2 emissions, diesel engines will not face a challenge in complying with CO2 limits; hence, the limitations in downsizing diesel engines will not be an issue,” notes the analyst of this research. “Reducing the level of downsizing will also help control NOx emissions from these engines, which are being tightened for Euro 6 (to be enforced in 2014).”  The number of cylinders in gasoline engines is likely to decrease only for engines below 1.2 litres. About 35-38 per cent of gasoline engines are likely to be turbocharged by 2018. This high level of turbocharging by European OEMs is likely to help in market growth of boosting technologies. Legal regulations and end-consumer environmental awareness will motivate the sales of vehicles with small engines. For example, the car scrappage schemes in 2009 reduced the average displacement of engines in Western Europe. Such initiatives will help boost engine downsizing.

Engine Downsizing Could Potentially Increase Costs in Cases Where Additional Technologies are Used 

The addition of supporting technologies such as turbochargers and variable valvetrain technologies are expected to drive costs and this is likely to impact take-up rates in cost-sensitive segments. Downsizing engines results in lower torque output from the engine and, hence, lower transient response. While variable geometry turbocharging (VGT) is a good solution to improve torque output, introducing VGT at a low cost for gasoline engines will be a challenge. “In diesel engines, aggressive downsizing results in higher specific load and, therefore, increased NOx emissions,” explains the analyst. “This, in turn, will have an effect on cost as NOx after-treatment technologies such as SCR are expensive.”

OEMs are likely to experience higher sales of low CO2 emitting vehicles and thus pass on the tax benefits to the end-consumer. This offers excellent scope for selling low emission models such as Ford Focus, Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Golf and Opel/Vauxhall Corsa. “With improved emissions and performance, without drop in fuel economy, being the key drivers, engine downsizing is all set to have a major impact towards achieving emissions of <120 g/km CO2 in two-thirds of new car sales by 2016,” concludes the analyst. 

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  Table Of Contents

1. Executive Summary

   1.1 Average Engine Displacement of Cars Sold in EU-15 and Sales of Low CO2 Emission Vehicles

   1.2 Comparison of Average Engine Displacements and CO2 Emissions

   1.3 Average Engine Displacement of Cars Sold in EU-15—by Country

   1.4 Diesel Engine Penetration Analysis

   1.5 Powertrain Production Mix across OEMs

   1.6 Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations for OEMs

2. Engine Downsizing Trends in Western Europe

   2.1 Key Challenges Involved in Engine Downsizing for OEMs

   2.2 Market Drivers and Restraints for Engine Downsizing

   2.3 Comparative Analysis of Emission Regulations across Regions

   2.4 Comparative Analysis of Incentives and Legislation across Countries

   2.5 Green House Gas Reduction/Fuel Economy Regulation

   2.6 Global Powertrain Mix by Fuels

   2.7 European LCV CO2 Banding

   2.8 CO2 Segment-wise Weighted Average—Forecast for 2015

   2.9 OEM Snapshot—Engine Downsizing

   2.10 Comparison of Fuel Consumption for Key VW Models across Europe and United States

   2.11 Key Technologies for OEMs towards Euro 6 Compliance—Cost vs. CO2 Benefit

   2.12 Scenario Analysis for Engine Downsizing

   2.13 Gasoline-Boosting Technologies

   2.14 Diesel-Boosting Technologies

   2.15 Downsizing Trends—Forecasts by OEM

   2.16 Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations  

3. Downsizing of Gasoline Engines

   3.1 Downsizing Trends in Gasoline Engines

   3.2 Scenario Analysis for Downsizing in Gasoline Engines

   3.3 Downsizing Trends in Gasoline Engines—Forecasts by Segment

4. Downsizing of Diesel Engines

   4.1 Downsizing Trends in Diesel Engines

   4.2 Scenario Analysis for Downsizing in Diesel Engines

   4.3 Downsizing Trends in Diesel Engines—Forecasts by Segment 

5. Strategies Adopted for Engine Downsizing by OEMs 55

   5.1 BMW

   5.2 Daimler

   5.3 Fiat

   5.4 Ford

   5.5 General Motors (Opel/Vauxhall)

   5.6 PSA Group

   5.7 Renault—Nissan

   5.8 Volkswagen Group (Audi, Seat, Skoda and Volkswagen)

   5.9 Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations for OEMs

   5.10 Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations for Suppliers

6. Certification and Disclaimer 

7. Appendix

   7.1 List of Acronyms Used in the Research Service

8. About Frost & Sullivan



   List of Figures
 
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Vehicle Production, Europe, 2010–2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Passenger Vehicle Segmentation, Western Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Advantages and Disadvantages of Engine Downsizing for OEMs and Suppliers, Western Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations, Western Europe, 2010–2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations, Western Europe, 2010–2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations for OEMs, Western Europe, 2010–2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Conclusions and Strategic Recommendations for Suppliers, Western Europe, 2010–2018

LOC 

  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Engine Displacement of Cars Sold in EU-15, Western Europe, 2004–2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Passenger Car Sales with CO2 Emission <120 g per km, Western Europe, 2004–2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Downsizing in High Volume Vehicle Manufacturers, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Engine Displacement of Cars Sold in EU-15 by Country, Europe, 2004 and 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Penetration of Diesel Engine Passenger Vehicles by Country, Western Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Powertrain Production Mix across OEMs, Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Challenges, Western Europe, 2011–2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Market Drivers and Restraints, Western Europe, 2011–2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Emission Regulations across Regions, Global, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Greenhouse Gas Reduction, Europe, 1990–2025
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Powertrain Sales Mix, Global, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: LCV Sales by CO2 Emission Range, Europe, 2010, 2015, and 2019
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average CO2 Emission Range by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2008 and 2015
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Vehicle Sales across CO2 Emission Range by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2008 and 2015
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: OEM Snapshot for Engine Downsizing, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Comparison of Fuel Consumption for Key VW Models, Europe and U.S., 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Cost Benefit Analysis of Different Emission Reduction Technologies, Western Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Scenario Analysis for Average Engine Displacement, Western Europe, 2010, 2014, and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Boosting Technologies in Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Boosting Technologies in Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Engines across OEMs, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Engines across OEMs, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in Basic Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in Small Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in Medium Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in Luxury Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in MAVs, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in SUVs, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Gasoline Engines in Vans, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Scenario Analysis for Average Diesel Engine Displacement, Western Europe, 2010, 2014, and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in Basic Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in Small Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in Medium Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in Luxury Segment Vehicles, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in MAVs, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in SUVs, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Displacement of Diesel Engines in Vans, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of BMW’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of BMW’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of BMW’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of BMW’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected BMW Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected BMW Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and Average CO2 Emission Levels of BMW Group, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Daimler’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Daimler’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Daimler’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Daimler’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Daimler Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Daimler Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and Average CO2 Emission Levels of Daimler Group, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Fiat’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Fiat’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Fiat’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Fiat’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Fiat Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Fiat Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  •  OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and Average CO2 Emission Levels of Fiat Group, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Ford’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Ford’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Ford’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Ford’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Ford Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Ford Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and Average CO2 Emission Levels of Ford Group, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of GM’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of GM’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of GM’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of GM’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected GM Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected GM Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and CO2 Emission Levels of GM—Opel, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of PSA’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of PSA’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of PSA’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of PSA’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected PSA Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected PSA Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and CO2 Emission Levels of PSA Group, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Renault-Nissan’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Renault-Nissan’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Renault-Nissan’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of Renault-Nissan’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Renault-Nissan Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected Renault-Nissan Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and CO2 Emission Levels of Renault-Nissan Group, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of VW’s Gasoline Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of VW’s Diesel Engines, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of VW’s Gasoline Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Average Displacement of VW’s Diesel Engines by Vehicle Segment, Western Europe, 2010 and 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected VW Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2010
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Key Selected VW Engine Performance Benchmarking, Europe, 2018
  • OEM Strategies for Passenger Vehicle Engine Downsizing: Engine Line-up and CO2 Emission Levels of VW Group, Europe, 2010
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