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Strategic Analysis of North American Automotive Light Diesel Technologies
Deliverable Type: Market Engineering Research
Date Published: 30 Sep 2005
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Technologies

Technology Terms:
ADI - austempered ductile iron
Al - aluminum
ASET - application-specific engine technology (Mack Trucks term)
ASIC - application-specific integrated circuit
ATAC - active thermo-atmospheric combustion
AVNT - advanced variable nozzle turbocharger (Honeywell term)
AWD - all wheel drive
BDC - bottom dead center (piston location)
BMEP - brake mean effective pressure
BSFC - brake specific fuel consumption
C - Celsius or centigrade
CAC - charge air cooler (also called intercooler)
CAN - controller area network
CFD - computational fluid dynamics
CGI - compacted graphite iron
CI - compression ignition
CO - carbon monoxide
CO2 - carbon dioxide
CR - common rail
DC - direct current
DI - direct injection
DoD - displacement on demand (GM term)
DOHC - dual overhead cam
DSP - digital signal processor
EAT - electric-assisted turbocharger
ECM - electronic control module
ECU - electronic control unit
EFI - electronic fuel injection
EGR - exhaust gas recirculation
EHVA - electro-hydraulic valve actuator
EMS - electronic engine management system
EMVA - electromechanical valve actuator
FWD - front wheel drive
HC - hydrocarbon
HCCI - homogeneous-charge compression ignition
hp - horsepower
I4, I6 - in-line engine with four or six cylinders
IC - internal combustion
IEGR - internal exhaust gas recirculation
ISAD - integrated starter alternator damper
LTC - low-temperature combustion
MAF - mass airflow
MAP - manifold absolute pressure
MCU - microcontroller unit
MDS - multi-displacement system (Chrysler term)
MHz - frequency, in megahertz
mpg - miles per gallon
N2 - nitrogen
NH3 - ammonia
NOx - nitrous oxides (NO, NO2, etc.)
NVH - noise, vibration, and harshness
O2 - oxygen
OHC - overhead cam
OHV - overhead valve
PCCI - premixed-charge compression ignition
PCM - electronic powertrain control module
PDA - personal digital assistant
ppm - parts per million
psi - pressure, in pounds per square inch
PTFE - polytetrafluoroethylene (also called Teflon)
R2S - regulated two-stage (turbocharger) (BorgWarner term)
RPM - revolutions per minute
RWD - rear wheel drive
SI - spark ignition
SOF - soluble organic fractions
SOHC - single overhead cam
SVC - Saab variable compression
TCS - traction control system
TDC - top dead center (piston location)
Turbo - turbocharger, also called turbosupercharger
V6, V8, V10 - engine with six, eight, or ten cylinders in a V configuration
VCM - variable cylinder management (Honda term)
VCT - variable cam timing
VDC - Volts DC
VNT - variable nozzle turbocharger
VTEC - variable valve timing and lift electronic control (Honda term)
VVA - variable valve actuation
VVC - virtual variable compression
VVL - variable valve lift
VVT - variable valve timing
VVTL - variable valve timing and lift

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