Advancements in Nanodiamonds

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Published: 20 Jan 2017

Nanodiamonds have dimensions from 2 nm to 50 nm depending on the specific application. They are synthesized most commonly by detonation methods or impact events such as an explosion or meteoritic impact. The hardness and high fracture toughness of nanodiamonds enable their application across several industries including composites, polymers, and lubricants. Recently, initiatives focusing on altering the surface chemistry of nanodiamonds to explore their supeior mechanical and optical properties, high surface areas, and tunable surface structures are gaining prominence. Increasing number of such initiatives can help in increasing adoption of nanodiamonds, which is still in a very nascent stage. The Nanotech TechVision Opportunity Engine (TOE) provides intelligence on technologies, products, processes, applications, and strategic insights on nanotechnology-related innovations and their impact across various industries. Technology focus areas include nanomaterials, nanocoatings, nanohealthcare, nanomedicine, and nanomanufacturing. Miniaturization, a move toward lower power consumption, and the need for enhanced features are driving innovations in the electronics sector. Technology focus areas include semiconductor manufacturing and design, flexible electronics, 3D integration/IC, MEMS and NEMS, solid state lighting, advanced displays, nanoelectronics, wearable electronics, brain computer interface, advanced displays, near field communication, and next generation data storage or memory. Keywords: Nanocrystals, detonation, laser treatment, fracture strength

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